Expanding Access to HIV Diagnostics and Treatment for Injecting Drug Users and Their Partners

Late diagnosis of HIV among IDUs increases morbidity and mortality. Tracking HIV among injecting drug users and their partners, social network interventions, encouraging communities to reduce risk behavior, as well as timely treatment and care can significantly reduce the incidence of HIV infection, which would allow to prevent escalation and outbreaks of the epidemic.


Project objective is to scale up access to HIV treatment and care among HIV-infected injection drug users by ensuring effective HIV diagnosis in the community and providing social support using a case management approach.


Target population: injecting drug users


Objectives and tasks:

  • Develop behavior patterns that will allow the project clients to maintain health and at the same time promote behavior change in their community.
  • Provide support services to the project clients in HIV testing process.
  • Provide case management services that include confirmatory testing of HIV-positive samples, registering HIV cases with regional AIDS centers, assisting with timely diagnosis and referral for treatment, starting ART.


The objectives will be delivered through the implementation of two program components:

  1. Optimized Case Finding, OCF – encouraging injecting drug users and their social network members for HIV testing, helping with rapid HIV tests, providing quality advice on HIV prevention, motivating clients to use social support services.
  2. Community Initiated Treatment Intervention, CITI – direct social support of each specific HIV client into antiretroviral therapy (ART) by a case manager.


Project implemented in Kyiv city and Kyiv region through ICF Alliance for Public Health with financial support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC (USA).